- Si unajua LADHA ni moja ya DANGANYA TOTO iwezayo kufanya mwenye ladha ya BONGO FLEVA kujidanganya kucheza SINDIMBA hadharani kwa wachezao SINDIMBA hadharani sio UJANJA?
- Na si inasemekana kuna MPENDA NYAMA awezaye kufikiri ladha ya KISAMVU sio TAMU?
... ingawa ukweli ni kwamba MPENDA samaki labda ladha ya MAHINDI ya kuchoma kama tu mpenda KHADIJA awezavyo kupenda na HALIMA au basha awezavyo kuwa anainjoi usenge pia ,...
Marvin Gaye anunishe - Heard It Through The Grapevine
>> Wednesday, June 29, 2011
Kama humkumbuki ngojea ,...
Pretoria, South Africa - Patrick Mahlangu is just one of several thousand South Africans who disappeared without a trace during the apartheid era. But after 25 years of searching, his body has finally been found.
Mahlangu, a member of the banned ANC's guerilla movement Umkhonto We Sizwe, or MK, was tortured and killed by security police in 1986. His body was then blown up, to make it appear he had been killed while planting explosives.
Passersby found the 28-year-old's scattered remains the next day. They were collected, buried, but never identified.
"It's very painful. The pain is made worse by the fact that you have never buried this person nor do you have a death certificate," explained Mahlangu's widow, Queen.
"Sometimes you imagine him just appearing from nowhere. Sometimes, when you are watching TV you see someone you think could be him. You never really accept that he is dead," she added.
The South African Missing Person's Task Team has been searching for Mahlangu's remains for years. Finally, they have found them.
As the task team changes the status of one more victim from missing to found, hundreds more families await their turn to uncover the truth.
Mahlangu is among nearly 500 missing persons the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) has mandated that the team find and, where possible, hand their remains over to their families.
It's a difficult process as investigators uncover the past but for the families it's also a chance for final closure and the opportunity to give their loved ones a proper burial.
"What we have learnt is that in as much as getting the remains is important for the families, getting the story of what happened to their family member known is equally important," said head investigator Madeleine Fullard.
"No one has ever heard of Patrick Mahlangu ... but when you actually look at his case and what he went through he really went through the complete horror of death at the hands of security policemen," she continued.
Mahlangu's story reads like many others caught up in the unrest in 1980s South Africa. The year was 1986 and as the black majority demanded an end to white minority rule, township riots escalated.
Umkhonto We Sizwe was stepping up the pressure against the government. It was in this climate that Mahlangu became a hunted man and was taken away in the night. His family never heard from him again.
"In one sense he was problematic for the system because he had knowledge of training of arms intelligence and covert operations," investigator Tshiamo Moela said.
"But also he was an active member of society actively opposing the state as a trade unionist and as a member of the civic associations, so in a sense he became a knowledge base that they thought that they could extract information from," he continued.
It wasn't until 10 years later, with apartheid abolished and a new government in place, that details of Mahlangu's disappearance were finally heard.
At the TRC perpetrators of apartheid atrocities sought amnesty from prosecution in exchange for telling the truth. It was there that it emerged Mahlangu had been abducted by two black policemen pretending to be MK operatives.
"He was tortured -- after that it was felt that he had seen the black policemen that were operating with the security police so he could identify them then so it was easier to eliminate him. He was blown up after he had been killed," Moela said.
Authorities say he was among many "enemies of the state" to be killed and then later blown up.
Investigators say that after following the paper trial that was available to check through the police, they then went through cemetery records and finally a cemetery itself.
The probe pointed to a cemetery in Soshanguve Township, north of the capital, Pretoria. It was here that a team of anthropologists and investigators started looking for Mahlangu's remains.
It was a difficult and long process. The cemetery records didn't match what was underground and the team dug up six graves before they found the right one.
Claudia Bisso is a member of the Argentine Forensic Anthropology team that came to South Africa in 2005 to train local graduates and oversee the search.
She has done similar work in Argentina, Bosnia and Kosovo but says that the South African process is very different to what she has been exposed to elsewhere in the world.
"A very important point is here the South African government is doing it -- in other countries it's usually NGOs doing the search of the missing; it's only in South Africa where the government took the responsibility for the missing," she said.
After nearly 30 years, Mahlangu's family finally has some kind of closure, but for the Missing Persons Task Team, the work continues as this country tries to piece together a painful past.
For his wife, it is finally time to forgive her husband's killers.
- Si umecheki lakini kuwa waliokuja kumchukua enzi hizo za UBAGUZI wa rangi na kumtesa kulikuwa na WEUSI wenzake Patrick Mahlangu?
SI KILA MTU unainjoi akikusifia,...
- SI labda ASKOFU akimsifia KIGOLI katika umahiri wake KIUNENGUAJI kitu hicho kinaweza kurejista tofauti kisifa kama utafananisha kitu hichohicho kama amsifiaye KIMWANA kwa kunengua ni mdau tu asiyehubiri ya YESUYESU au ni libwana lake KIGOLI ambalo unafikiria moja ya kunengua kwa kimwana huyo ni staili inayolipagawisha?
Hebu Keith Sweat arudie- Nobody
.... waweza kustukia LABDA hata kwenda haja kubwa kuna ambao hupata mdadi huo,...
- SI hamu ya kitu si lazima MTU anahitaji hicho kitu?
... kwa kuwa MDADI yasemekana hauna maisha marefu na ndio maana UKIRINGIWA sana na akupandishaye mdadi,...
- Katika MDADI ufanyao mtu adokoe MBOGA kama hafanyi hivyo kwa msukumo wa NJAA si unajua labda kwa kutodokoa mboga labda baada ya dakika ishirini anaweza kusahau alikuwa kapandwa mdadi wa kudokoa MBOGA?
- Umeshawahi kupandwa MDADI hatalafu ukautaimu kucheki unaishi kwa muda kgani kabla hujasahau kuwa ulikuwa na MDADI hata wa mawalimu wako DARASANI kisa mdadi uliamshwa na atingishavyo tako wakati anafuta ubao?
Kabla tu Fela KUTI hajamleta tena origino -Lady
>> Tuesday, June 28, 2011
Ni moja kwa moja,..
....kama chakula kisafirivyo kutoka Mdomoni kwenda kule CHOONI
Moja kwa moja,...
...kama asubuhi ibadilikavyo moja kwa moja kufikia yale ya USIKUNI.
- SI unajua ingawa kuna wafikiriao kuwa kuna ambayo hayaendi MOJA kwa moja kwa kuwa wanadhani DUNIANI kuna mpaka yale yapigayo ZIGIZAGA, ...
- Kwani unafikiri kama kuna wadhaniao kuna vizungukavyo na sio kwenda MOJA kwa MOJA basi hilo ni kweli?
- Hudhani kuwa labda kunauwezekano asiyeona kuwa kila kitu kina enda moja kwa moja kutoka sehemu moja mpaka nyingine kama mwanga wa tochi utokavyo kwenye tochi mpaka kummulika panya chini ya kitanda,...
... labda wakati huo bado anaviangalia MOJA kwa MOJA!:-(
Ni wazo tu hili MHESHIMIWA na si lazima ulielewe MKUU!:-(
Au Keziah Jones amalizie tu kwa ndude- Rhythm Is Love
Kama MDADI wa UDADISI kama mimi umekupanda: Tujifunze kuhusu KANISA la The Eastern ORTHODOX kwa mtazamo wa KIOTHODOX CHACHI kiduchu!:-(
Hebu kivideo tupate mambo,..
....katika ndude ibebwayo na kichwa cha habari :
How old is the ORTHODOX faith?
If you are a Lutheran, your religion was founded by Martin Luther, an ex-monk of the Catholic Church, in the year 1517. If you belong to the Church of England, your religion was founded by King Henry VIII in the year 1534 because the Pope would not grant him a divorce with the right to re-marry. If you are a Presbyterian, your religion was founded by John Knox in Scotland in the year 1560. If you are a Congregationalist, your religion was originated by Robert Brown in Holland in 1582. If you are Protestant Episcopalian, your religion was an offshoot of the Church of England, founded by Samuel Senbury in the American colonies in the 17th century. If you are a Baptist, you owe the tenets of your religion to John Smyth, who launched it in Amsterdam in 1606. If you are of the Dutch Reformed Church, you recognize Michelis Jones as founder because he originated your religion in New York in 1628. If you are a Methodist, your religion was founded by John and Charles Wesley in England in 1774. If you are a Mormon (Latter Day Saints), Joseph Smith started your religion in Palmyra, New York, in 1829. If you worship with the Salvation Army, your sect began with William Booth in London in 1865. If you are Christian Scientist, you look to 1879 as the year in which your religion was born and to Mary Baker Eddy as its founder.
If you belong to one of the religious organizations known as "Church of the Nazarene, Pentecostal Gospel," "Holiness Church," or "Jehovah's Witnesses," your religion is one of the hundreds of new sects founded by men within the past hundred years.
If you are Roman Catholic, your church shared the same rich apostolic and doctrinal heritage as the Orthodox Church for the first thousand years of its history, since during the first millennium they were one and the same Church. Lamentably, in 1054, the Pope of Rome broke away from the other four Apostolic Patriarchates (which include Constantinople, Alexandria, Antioch and Jerusalem), by tampering with the Original Creed of the Church, and considering himself to be infallible. Thus your church is 1,000 years old.
ROMANIAN site about ORTHODOXY in English:
SITE The ORTHODOX Church of America
I believe, confess and worship the Holy Trinity. I worship the One, Holy, Indivisible, Consubstantial, Life-Creating and Most Holy Trinity. In the Trinity I worship three persons -- three hypostases -- that of the Father, that of the Son and that of the Holy Spirit. I do not confuse the persons of the Most Holy Trinity. I do not believe that the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit are, as it were, three masks of a single person. None of the persons is alienated from the others, but each has the fulness of the Three together.
I believe that only God is eternal and immortal by nature and in essence. The angels and the souls of men are immortal only because God bestows this immortality upon them by grace. If if were not for the immortality which God bestows by His divine will, neither the angels nor the souls of men would be immortal of themselves.
Men's souls have no pre-existence. The how of the soul's birth, as well as separation from the body at the moment of the latter's biological death that it might be reunited to the body when the dead are raised at the Second and glorious Coming of our Saviour is a mystery which has not been revealed to us.
- SI wajua KULA ni muhimu kwa ALAYE kwa kuwa yaweza kuwa LABDA kula kwake ni faraja ya ALIWAYE?
...ajilazimishaye KULA wakati KASHIBA labda ANAWEKEZA VYEMA kwa kuwa HAIJULIKANI ni lini ALAYE kwa manufaa ya ALIWAYE atakuwa na njaa ya KULA kisicho na hamu ya kuliwa na labda akumbuke tu kuwa mpishi YASEMEKANA huwa anakumbukumbu na kama kwa kuwa leo umeshiba na ndio maana hata kuonja hutaki,...
- Ila si umewahi kusikia kuwa labda ya kisenge hata kama ni yale ya AISHA labda tayari hupofua macho watoto kama ni yale ya kiutu uzima kama tu ya ABDALLAH?
- Unafikiri ukishuhudia ya FIRAUNI hayataathiri majibu yako KIMUSA?
>> Monday, June 27, 2011
- Si unajua ni kwanini ili UINGEREZA iendelee kubakia UINGEREZA ileile -pamoja na kubadili MAWAZIRI WAKUU ili kuendeleza mkao uleule serikali kwa kawaida hufuata MFUMO uleule wenye MAMALKIA na WAFALME watokao katika familia ileile?
- Na si unajua kama MFUMO ni MZURI hata kiongozi mjinga anaweza asifanikiwe kufanya UJINGA?
KIKOJOZI anachakusema kuhusu KUJIKOJOLEA ingawa labda asikilizwaye KWA KAWAIDA ni amzomeaye KIKOJOZI!:-(
- Si ushawahi kusikia usemi kama HUNA la kusema kaa kimya?
Harmonica warudie na ndude- Tassili
- SI unajua kunauwezekano pia kuwa kuna MTU anapata mpaka MINYOO sasa hivi?
- Si unajua labda vile vyote ulivyowahi kufikiria kuwa vinatendeka kama hata vile vya kukeketa mabinti labda kuna avifanyaye sasa hivi?
>> Sunday, June 26, 2011
Patrick Pama Balisidya, singer and composer: born Mvumi, Tanzania 18 April 1946; married (one daughter); died Kibaha, Tanzania 7 August 2004.
The name of the singer, musician and composer Patrick Balisidya is recalled regularly in his native Tanzania, as his biggest hit "Harusi" (Kiswahili for "wedding") is played at nuptial ceremonies around the country.
Like his better known colleague, the late Hukwe Zawose, Balisidya was a member of the Gogo tribe from the poor, arid Dodoma region of inland Tanzania. The area is renowned for its wine and the Gogo people, often referred to as the "Gypsies of Tanzania", for their musical prowess - especially as singers.
After leaving school, Balisidya briefly made a living as a technician before beginning his musical career in 1967 playing guitar for the Dar es Salaam Jazz Band, one of Tanzania's most popular groups at that time. By 1970 he had formed his own group, Afro 70. While initially dependent on cover material, Balisidya soon developed a style which he dubbed "Afrosa".
Not one to follow the crowd, he shied away from the Congolese soukous sound then dominating East African music, instead drawing inspiration from the thumb piano and vocal melodies of Gogo tradition. He would sometimes translate lyrics into Kiswahili to broaden his message, and his guitar and piano playing also showed some blues influences. Refraining from political commentary, he addressed social issues and enjoyed national success with songs such as "Wikiendi" ("Weekend"), "Dirishani" ("Window") and "Tausi" ("Peacock").
At the height of his popularity in the mid-Seventies, he and Mbaraka Mwinshehe visited Japan, and he represented his country at the 1977 Festac festival in Lagos, Nigeria. He only managed this by borrowing equipment from the organisers, since a disastrous traffic accident two years before had destroyed all Afro 70's instruments, effectively causing the demise of the group.
In 1979, Balisidya and two other musicians working under the name Afro 70 visited Sweden and collaborated with the progressive rock group Archimedes Badkar on their album Bado Kidogo (Kiswahili for "Not Yet"). An early example of world music fusion, it was notable mostly for the way the headliners were relegated more or less to the role of backing band on their own recording by their African guests.
Back in Dar es Salaam the same year, Balisidiya played piano on the hit "Uniambie Siri" ("Tell Me the Secret") by Kikumbi Mwanza Mpango, aka King Kiki. It was to be his last hit, and he spent the rest of that decade earning a meagre living as a session musician for various Zairean bands resident in Tanzania. On his last album, Harusi, released earlier this year, he revisited his Seventies heyday with new versions of old hits.
Although some colleagues describe him as strict or even "prefect-like", he is remembered by fans as down-to-earth and friendly, and for his charismatic onstage manner.
It was part of the season of programmes broadcast on the BBC marking the 200th anniversary of the Slave Trade Act 1807, a landmark piece of legislation which abolished the slave trade in the British Empire. The series explores the impact of racism on a global scale and chronicles the shifts in the perception of race and the history of racism in Europe, the Americas, Australia and Asia. The series was narrated by Sophie Okonedo.
In its first episode the series begins by assessing the implications of the relationship between Europe, Africa and the Americas in the 15th century. It considers how racist ideas and practices developed in key religious and secular institutions, and how they showed up in writings by European philosophers Aristotle and Immanuel Kant.
- Umejifunza kitu ?
Kwa hiyo labda SIRI ni;...
Lakini kuna uwezekano utakaye mpenda MWISHONI ndiye wako ambaye utampenda mpaka mwisho wa siku ,...
- SI unajua apendwaye ushahidi uko moyoni tu hata kama aambiwaye ANAPENDWA kwa SAUTI ya MDOMO wa MTU na mwenye mpaka PETE kama ushahidi kuwa ANAPENDWA labda si yule apendwaye kwa dhati kutoka MOYONI?
- Unafikiri ni muhimu KUPENDWA au KUPENDA?
- Lakini mpenzi MTARAJIWA hivi unaweza kuwapenda hao wengine harakaharaka ili uwe wangu kabla hujazeeka?
Ni mimi ,...
BaiBai basi kwa sasa ewe TOTOZ zuri lenye macho ya GOLOLI, mashavu kama KITUMBUA , tako Mchina, Kujichubua fulu mia kwa mia, mwendo kama BATA,..
Na tukiacha UTANI:
- SI unajua hapa DUNIANI kuna sababu wako wapendao MABIKIRA kwa sababu mojawapo ya kutaka tu MABIKIRA ni wao kujisikia WAMEPENDWA kwanza?
- Kwani unafikiria kuna umuhimu katika orodha ya waliowahi kupendwa uwe mtu wa KWANZA kama hata kama ni wa mwisho wakati unampenda mtu PENZI lilikuwa ni la kweli?
NI WAZO TU hili MHESHIMIWA!:-(
Na Bilal arudie - Soul Sista
- SI hata uonekane UMEZEEKA vipi kimuonekano bado ni KIJANA kama kwa kufuata kalenda ifanyayo tuamini tuifikiriayo ni SIKU ya SABATO JUMAMOSI kweli ni JUMAMOSI kisa kalenda isemayo lini ni JUMAPILI ndio tuinukuuyo kutabiri MUNGU wakati anaiumba dunia alipumzika LINI?
- Lakini si labda ni kweli pia KILA siku ni tofauti na SIKU nyingine?
Au tu Bascom X aingilie tena wazo kwa - Eyes On The Prize
>> Saturday, June 25, 2011
NI wazo tu HILI Mheshimiwa!:-(
AU tu Queen Ifrica amalizie kwa - Below The waist
Au tu Bascom X aingilie tu kati tena kwa-Lonely Girl
- Unafikiri UMEJISITIRI?
Hebu OSIBISA warudie-Welcome HOME
Kabla tu hawahawa OSIBISA hawajasigina tu na ndude - Che Che Kule
>> Friday, June 24, 2011
Nia ni KUTISHA mtu,...
- Ushawahi kushuhudia mtu akipigwa MKWARA au ushawahi kupigwa MKWARA ukastukia ni MKWALA tu?
- Kwani hujui MKWALA/mkwara ni nini?
LAKINI labda SAA nyingine ni muhimu KUKUMBUKA,...
Halafu Black UHURU waingilie kwa kubadili tena muelekeo wa wazo kwa - World is AFRICA
Binadamu ni KIUMBE cha AJABU,.....
- Kwani unafikiri watu washangiliavyo MTU kwa kawaida wanashangilia NINI?:-(
- SI ukitoa amri MTU auawe ina maana KITAFSIRI fulani kuwa wewe UMEUA?
- Na hivi si inasemekana KUUA ni dhambi eeh?
Labda kuna MAMBO ni mpaka UYAISHI ndio utajua kwanini labda kwenye familia izalishayo WALOKOLE nako kuna aliyekua na kugeuka MCHAWI!:-(
..... labda MTU kujifanya anaelewa sana ya WENGINE mambo,....
- SI ya wengine hata kama huyo mwingine ni mtoto wako kujifanya unajua kila kitu kwa kuwa ni mzazi -labda ni KUJIDANGANYA?
- Kwani ukifikiria kisawasawa si utastukia kuwa hata nyumba moja huzalisha tabia na mielekeo tofauti ya wanafamilia hata kama wasomayo ni BIBLIA ileile moja?
- Si inasemekana ni rahisi kuhukumu ya wengine kwa kuwa si yetu na kivyetu ni vigumu kuelewa hao watu imetokeatokeaje wametumbukia kwenye kibano ambacho kwetu ni cha kijinga?
- Si inasemekana kama hujatembelea kiatu cha mtu ukapata kusikia joto alikabilio labda usihukumu MTU au angalau harufu mbaya za kiatu cha mtu ?
Au tu sijui kwanini ila ngojea Angie arudie tena -No more Rain
>> Thursday, June 23, 2011
- Kwani HUFIKIRI tatizo kubwa la WATU ni kuwa angalau KIFIKIRA mahali pale wasipo kuwepo?
Au hebu Electrik Red waingilie kati kwa - So Good
>> Wednesday, June 22, 2011
....Na kwa kuwa kuna WATU wamesababisha choo kidharauliwe,...
- SI inasemekana HATA PADRE hutetewa na mpaka BIBLIA tukiachilia ASKOFU?
- SI shekhe hata udhaifu wake labda ni mwiko kuusikia au kuujadili kama unadhalilisha ili kiheshima zaidi ya SHEKHE hata kama zaidi ya hiyo ni dini ndio kitetewacho??
- Hivi unafikiri wamuheshimuo MHESHIMIWA wakistukiwa hata kwa bahati mbaya kuwa MHESHIMIWA anafirwa na katika jamii ya wa wachukiao wasenge au kama UHESHIMIWA wa MHESHIMIWA utachafua KANISA au tu KITONGOJI kwa MHESHIMIWA kujulikana wajanja wanamuonja sehemu za nyuma unafikiri WATETEAO UHESHIMIWA amabao nao ni waheshimiwa watamteteaje?
Swali wakati naenda chooni :
- Hivi BADO unasubiria pembeni ya CHOO ili nitoke chooni?
- Ondoka basi-Nikijamba je KAMA nikienda CHOONI wakati BADO unasikilizia nifanyayo ambayo mengine nafanyia chooni-hivi kwako ndivyo vitakuhakikishia nilikunya na sikukojoa tu kisa umesikia sauti ya KIJAMBO?
Swali kwa MHESHIMIWA:
- SI unajua mavi ya kuku hayanuki zaidi ya kinyesi cha MTU hata kama huyo mtu anaendeshwa kwenye bonge la BENZI na sio KIBAJAJI au tukutuku ya staili ya BODABODA?
>> Tuesday, June 21, 2011
- SI inasemekana KELELE kwako labda ni UKIMYA kwa mtu asiye na sikio zuri?
Kwa hiyo kama ni KIMYA kwako,...
- SI unajua kuna sauti za TEMBO ambazo MTU hasikii?
- Na si ukifumba MACHO labda ni wewe tu USIYEONA?
Au tu Isley Brothers waisogeze pembeni kidogo kwa-Between the sheets
Au tu The Notorious B.I.G. achezee tena wimbo wa Isley Brothers katika-
- Si ni kwa karibu ndio anastukiwa anukaye kikwapa?
Au tu The Jackson 5 watulize kwa - It's your Thing
Au tu The Isley Brothers wamalizie kwa -Who's That lady
>> Monday, June 20, 2011
- Si unajua kila siku barabarani ni mengi uyaelekezeayo MACHO lakini huyaoni kwa kuwa UFIKIRIACHO ni kitu kingine?
Na MTU ANAVYOFIKIRIA wakati anaangalia kitu,....
- Si unafahamu MBOLEA ya mavi ya kuku ukiiangalia tu kama KINYESI ni vigumu kustukia mkao wake wa duka la mzungu liwazi KIMBOLEA?
- Kwani WATU wanavyofikiria hujagundua ndicho kisababishacho wengi hawaoni hata MCHUMBA mzuri KWAO aliye mbele za macho yao kisa wafikiriacho hupofua jinsi ya kumuona kuwa kimwana ingawa SANGARA wamo hana na anamatege kwa mbaali ila KITABIA ,akili lukuki na mambo mengine yote mengine ni MAKSI mia kwa mia kikufaa kuwa MCHUMBA?
Hebu Winard Harper apige ngoma.
Dr Billy Taylor afundishe muziki ...
Dr Billy Taylor 's Trio wakati Billy Taylor akiwa kwenye piano, Chip Jackson kwenye bass na watupigie
Au tu Papa Wemba aingilie kati na kusawazisha kwa -Show Me The Way
- Lakini si LABDA kuna wajaribuo hata vile ambavyo wanauhakika navyo?
Na kama unajaribu ambavyo unauhakika navyo,..
- Lakini unadhani BINADAMU na madhaifu yake ya KIBINADAMU yajulikanayo kujiamini sio ukichaa?
Hebu Joe Arroyo aanzishe upya kwa - Yamulemao
>> Sunday, June 19, 2011
|Clarence Anicholas Clemons, Jr.( 11.Jan.1942 - 18.Jun.2011)|
Hebu aongee kidogo....
Kama kufa kwa MTU,...
... ni mipango ya MUNGU,...
- ...si akifa MTU hata kwa kupigwa roba na jambazi lililotokea CHOO cha migombani-SI LABDA inatakiwa siye WAAMINIO MUNGU tuamini hayo ya KUFA kwake MPENDWA MTU tumpendaye labda bado ni MAPENZI TU ya MUNGU?:-(
Swali zaidi lenye kibiongo:
- Kwani unadhani ulipo sasa hivi ni kwa mapenzi yako IMEWEZEKANA uko hapo au ni kwa MAPENZI ya MUNGU?
NAENDELEA KUWAZA hili swala.....
Al Green atekenye pia -How can you mend a broken heart
Curtis Mayfield aingilie tena kati kwa -Pusherman